Chess in 1800
by Bill Wall

Pierre St. Amant
In 1800, Ferdinand Julius Brede was born in Stettin, Poland. He was a chess problemist who wrote Almanach fur Freunde vom Schachspiel in 1844. He died in December 15, 1849 at the age of 49.

In 1800, Wilhelm Schlumberger was born in Mulhouse, Alsace. He was the chess teacher of Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant. He was one of the leading chess players at the Cafe de la Regence. He operated the Turk automaton. He died of yellow fever in Cuba in April 1838.

In 1800, Vincent Grimm was born in Vienna. He was a Hungarian chess master and the inventor of the Grimm Attack in the King's Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 g5 5.Nc3 Bg7 6.d4 d6 7.e5). He moved to Pest, Hungary in 1823, He died on January 15, 1872 at the age of 71.

1800 was the last time a stalemate was a win for the side whose King is stalemated in England.

In 1800, Hoyle's Games, improved, was published with a section on chess.

In 1800, Eyles Irwin published "An account of the Game of Chess, as played by the Chinese," which appeared in the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy.

In 1800, Bonnerjee Mohishunder (Mahesh Chandra Bandopadhay) was born in Calcutta (Kolkata), India. He was one of the strongest chess players in India in the 19th century. The Indian defenses, such as the King's Indian and the Queen's Indian, are named after him and his countrymen. He played the first known Gruenfeld Defense in 1855.

On August 15, 1800, Barthelemy de Basterot was born in Dublin, Ireland. In 1853, he wrote Traite Elementaire du Jeu des Echecs (Elementary Treatise on the Rules of Chess). He died in 1887.

On September 12, 1800, Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant was born at Cheteau au Latour (a French wine estate), France. He was a leading French player. He died in 1872.

In 1800, Napoleon was playing chess in Austria.

Around 1800, George Watson (1767-1837) painted, "The Game is Mine." A lady beats a man in chess. Watson was a Scottish portrait painter and the first president of the Royal Scottish Academy.

Around 1800, James Northcote (1746-1831) painted "the Game of Chess." It shows two men playing chess as a third young man watches behind one of the players. The painting is now in the Worcester Art Museum in Worcester, Massachusetts.

Around 1800 Nevasi Lai (1760-1800) painted "Noblewomen playing chess." The painting is in the Musee national des Arts Asiatiques Guimet in Paris.

George Atwood—Verdoni, London match, Feb 16, 1800
Odds of a move
1.e4 -- 2.d4 e6 3.Bd3 c5 4.d5 d6 5.c4 e5 6.f4 exf4 7.Bxf4 Nd7 8.Nf3 Qc7 9.Nc3 a6 10. O—O Be7 11.Ng5 Bxg5 12.Bxg5 Ngf6 13.e5 dxe5 14.d6 Qxd6 15.Bg6+ Ke7 16.Nd5+ Kd8 17.Bxf6+ gxf6 18.Qh5 b5 19.Rad1 Ra7 20.Nxf6 Qe6 21.Bf5 Qxf6 22.Bxd7 Qe7 23.Be6+ Bd7 1-0

George Atwood—Verdoni, London match, Feb 16, 1800
Odds of a move
1.e4 -- 2.d4 e6 3.Bd3 c5 4.d5 d6 5.c4 e5 6.f4 exf4 7.Bxf4 Nf6 8.e5 dxe5 9.Bxe5 Nbd7 10.Bc3 Be7 11.Nf3 O-O 12.Bf5 Nb6 13.Bxc8 Rxc8 14.b3 Nbd7 15.Nbd2 Bd6 16.O-O a6 17.Ng5 Re8 18.Ne6 Qe7 19.Nf3 Qf7 20.Qd2 Qg6 21.Rae1 Qh5 22.Qd3 Qh6 23.Bd2 Qh5 24.Re2 Re7 25.Rfe1 Rce8 26.Bc3 Ng4 27.g3 Ngf6 28.Be5 Nxe5 29.Nxe5 Ng4 30.Nxg4 Qxg4 31.Rf2 b6 32.Ref1 Ra7 33.Rf5 h6 34.Kg2 Rxe6 35.dxe6 1-0

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