Chess Olympiad Trivia

The first world team competition (called the Chess Olympic Games or Tournament of Nationss) took place in Paris, France in July, 1924 to coincide with the 8th Summer Olympic Games. There were 55 players (one player later withdrew) from 18 countries. Each team had a maximum of four players (Ireland, Canada, and Yugoslavia only had one player).  Although officially chess was not part of the Olympic Games, the rules of the Olympiads applied with a ban on professional players.  The two players representing Russia were refugees living in Paris.  The painter, Marcel Duchamp, played board 1 for France.  Max Euwe played board 1 for Holland.  The World Chess Federation (FIDE) was founded by the players at this event.  Czechoslovakia (Hromadka, Schulz, Vanek, Skalicka) took 1st place, followed by Hungary and Switzerland. The individual Gold went to Herman Mattison of Latvia and was given the title “Amateur World Champion.”   World champion Alexander Alekhine was the tournament director.

Another world team competition, the 2nd unofficial Chess Olympiad, took place in Budapest in 1926, but only 4 teams and 19 players showed up. Hungary won the team event, followed by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.  Third place went to Romania, followed by Germany.  An individual event, called the First FIDE Masters tournament, was won by Ernst Gruenfeld of Austria on tiebreaks over Marion Monticelli of Italy.  Edith Holloway (1868-1956) won the women’s tournament, and Emil Zinner won the open tournament.   This event was still considered an unofficial chess Olympiad and is known as the “Little Olympiad.”

The very first official chess Olympiad began in London in July, 1927.  Germany and Austria were not invited.  16 teams participated with 70 players. The women did not participate until 1957.  Hungary (Maroczy, Nagy, Vajda, Havasi, E. Steiner)  took first place and the Hamilton-Russell trophy. The official title of “Chess Olympiad” did not happen until 1952.   The Chess Olympiad was also called the International Team Tournament, Tournament of Nations, and the World Team Championship.  The first Women’s World Chess Championship was held at the same time in London as the chess Olympiad, won by Vera Menchik.

In 1928, before the start of the 2nd official Chess Olympiad at the Hague, FIDE decided that only amateurs could take part.  The British sand Yugoslavia suspected that the USA team included chess professionals, so they withdrew in protest.  Just before the start of the Olympiad, FIDE canceled the ban on professionals, but it was too late for most of the 17 teams to send their best players.  Isaac Kashdan won the gold medal with the scor of 13 out of 15.

An Amateur World Championship for individuals, with 16 players, also took place during the Olympiad.  Each country was allowed one representative.  The event was won by Max Euwe.  This chess Olympiad was held in conjunction with the Summer Olympics in Amsterdam.  This is considered the weakest of all chess Olympiads.  The Hamilton-Russell Cup was not offered to the winning team of this event because it was a truly open team event.  Hungary (Nagy, A. Steiner, Vajda, Havasi) won the event with 44 out of 64 points.

In 1930, Alexander Alekhine was the first player to score 100% out of 9 games as he played for France on Board 1.  In 2002, Robert Gwaze of Zimbabwe became the second person to score 100% out of 9 games.

The 1931 Chess Olympiad at Prague was the only Olympiad where every single player lost at least one game.  No one was able to win more than 10 games out of a possible 18 games played.  The USA (Kashdan, Marshall, Dake, Horowitz, and Steiner) won the gold medal (48 out of 72 points) and the Hamilton-Russell Cup for the first time.   This team event of 19 teams did not have a single new county participating for the first time.  Every team in this event had played in a previous Olympiad.  This event enforced the rule that the playing order submitted with the entry must be adhered to throughout the competition.

An Olympiad for 1932 was to be played in Spain, but that was cancelled due to financial problems.

At the Folkestone Olympiad in 1933, Isaac Kashdan represented the USA.  He brought along his wife.  Umar Khan offered Isaac Kashdan’s wife 150 English pounds if she would join his harem.  Only 15 teams participated (19 teams applied), the least of any Olympiad.  Originally, this Olympiad was scheduled to be played in Chicago, but these plans were cancelled due to financial problems.  Alekhine won the gold medal on board 1 with 9.5 out of 12.  The USA team (Kashdan, Marshall, Fine, Dake, Simonson) won again with 39 out of 56 points.  Robert Combe of Scotland lost to Volfgangs Hasenfuss of  Latvia in 4 moves, the shortest chess Olympiad game ever.

Combe - Hasenfuss, Folkestone Olympiad 1933
1.d4 c5 2.c4 cxd4 3.Nf3 e5 4.Nxe5??
Qa5+  0-1

 

In 1935, the chess Olympiad was held in Warsaw as a reward for Poland’s performance in previous Olympiads.  Three new countries, Estonia, Ireland, and Palestine, participated for the first time.  A total of 20 teams participated in this event.  The USA team (Fine, Marshall, Kupchik, Dake, Horowitz) won again with 54 out of 76 points.

A chess Olympiad was held in Munich in 1936 to coincide with the Olympic Games. However, Germany was not a member of FIDE (they had withdrawn from FIDE in 1933), so it was an unofficial Olympiad.  There were 21 teams and 208 participants in this event.  Each team consisted of 8 boards and two reserves instead of the normal 4 boards.  1,680 games were played, a record that stood for 24 years (until Leipzig in 1960).  Hungary won every match to win the event with 110.5 out of 160.

In 1937, the 7th Chess Olympiad was held in Stockholm.  USA team won for the 4th time in a row, lead by Olympic newcomer Sammy Reshevsky.

Germany was excluded in 1933, 1935, and 1937 due to its exclusion of Jews.  Although the ban of Jews remained, a German team was allowed to play in Buenos Aires in 1939.

In 1939, the 8th official Chess Olympiad, held in Buenos Aires, was the first time held outside Europe.  The USA, four-time gold medal winners, did not participate.  The players asked for $2,500 compensation but were offered only $1,500 by the U.S. Chess Federation, so they all refused to participate.  Abe Yanofsky (1925-2000), age 14 and the youngest player in the event, played second board for Canada.  He met a spectator called J. Janowski.  It turned out they were brothers and it was the first time they had met.  J. Janowsky happened to show Abe Yanofsky a photo of his father when Abe exclaimed, “That’s my father too!”  Yanofsky scored the best percentage on board 2.

 

The finals of the Olympiad began on September 1, 1939, the beginning of World War II.  The English team withdrew immediately after taking 3rd place in the preliminaries group and sailed home on the first available ship.  Three members of the British Olympiad team were later instrumental in breaking the German “Enigma” code during World War II.  84 games were not played and 24 games were set by default.  This was the first Olympiad that had preliminary groups and a finals section to handle the 27 teams.  The German team (Eliskases, Michel, Engels, Becker, Reinhardt) won by ½ point over Poland.

In 1950, Madame Chantel Chaude de Silans (1919-2004) played on the French team at the Dubrovnik Olympiad, the first woman to play on a men’s team.  She played first reserve board, winning 1 game, drawing 1 game, and losing 4 games.  This was the first Olympiad commemorated by a special stamp issue.  The USA team went undefeated, yet did not win a medal, taking 4th place with 11 wins, 4 draws, and no losses.  16 teams entered, with Greece being the only new country to play in an Olympiad.  The Yugoslav team (Gligoric, Pirc, Trifunovic, Rabar, Vidmar junior, Puc) won the event.

In 1952, the Soviets (Keres, Smyslov, Bronstein, Geller, Boleslavsky, and Kotov) participated for the first time in a Chess Olympiad, at Helsinki.  They won the gold medal and repeated winning the gold medal for the twelve Olympiads in a row.  USSR won the gold medal a total of 18 times.

In 1954, at the Amsterdam Olympiad, Luxemburg lost all 19 matches and took last place again.  One player from Luxemburg, Georges Philippe, scored 0 out of 11 games.  His teammate, J. Jerolim, scored one draw and 16 losses in his 17 games that he played.  Another Luxemburg player, Pierre Kremer, won 1 and lost 16 (with a record of 1 win and 27 losses in two Olympiads).  This chess Olympiad was supposed to have been played in Sao Paulo in celebration of its 400th birthday.  However, Argentina cancelled the event 6 weeks before the start of this Olympiad due to financial difficulties.  Amsterdam decided to host the event at the last minute.  Over 30 teams had registered to play in Sao Paulo, but 26 teams eventually arrived in Amsterdam.  The Soviet team (Botvinnik, Smyslov, Bronstein, Keres, Geller, Kotov) won, seven points ahead of the next team, Argentina.

 

In 1956, the chess Olympiad was held in Moscow.  36 teams participated and it was the first time that over 1,000 chess games were played in one Olympiad.  Colonel Hugh O'Donnell Alexander (1909-1974), one of the top British chess players, was not allowed to play in the chess Olympiad in Moscow because of his job with the Government Communications Headquarters where he was head of the cryptanalysis section.  The Soviet team (Botvinnik, Smyslov, Keres, Bronstein, Taimanov, Geller) suffered their first defeat when the Hungarian team defeated them.  Luxemburg again took last place.  One of their players, Wantz, win 2, drew 1, and lost 14 games.  Pierre Kremer lost all four of his games, with a record on only one win and 31 losses in three Olympiads.

In 1957, the first Women’s Chess Olympiad was held in Emmen, Netherlands.  That event, plus the next three Women’s Chess Olympiads, were held independently of the men’s Chess Olympiad.  One of the participants in the 1957 Women’s Olympiad was 82 year old Helen Chater who played board 1 for Ireland.  She won 2 , lost 2, and drew 11.

In 1958, South Africa and Tunisia participated in the Olympiad held in Munich.  These were the first African teams to play in a chess Olympiad.  International Master Frank Ross Anderson (1928-1980) was playing board 1 for Canada.  He became ill after a reaction to an incorrect prescription and was unable to play the final round.  He missed the Grandmaster title because of this.  Even if he had played and lost, he would have made the final norm necessary for the Grandmaster title.  The Soviet team (Botvinnik, Smyslov, Keres, Bronstein, Tal, Petrosian) won again.

At the 1960 chess Olympiad in Leipzig, Max Euwe won 3 games, drew 7 games, and lost 6 games for the worst score by a Grandmaster in Olympiad history.  The event drew 10,000 spectators a day as the Olympiad also hosted a “chess in the Fields of History” exhibition.  Bobby Fischer participated and played board 1 for the USA.  Reshevsky refused to give up first board and did not play.  Again, the Soviet team (Tal, Botvinnik, Keres, Korchnoi, Smyslov, Petrosian) won the event.

After the 1962 Varna chess Olympiad, Milton Ioannidis of Cyprus had the worst score of any player in the chess Olympics, with 20 losses and no wins or draws.  In 1964, at Tel Aviv, he played another four games and lost all four.  He has a 0-24 score in Olympiad chess, perhaps the worst record for any player.  His teammate, Andreas Lantsias, drew one game and lost 19.  Another teammate, Fieros, won one game and lost 19.  Their board one player won one game, drew one game, and lost 18 games.  Cyprus scored the worst record of any chess Olympiad team, losing 20 matches.  Their four players won a total of 2 games, drew 2 games, and lost 76 games.  The Soviet team (Botvinnik, Petrosian, Spassky, Keres, Geller, Tal) won again, but lost one match to West Germany.

In 1964, the chess Olympiad was held in Tel Aviv, the first time an Olympiad was held in Asia.  With Australia playing for the first time, it was the first time that players from all five continents were able to participate in a chess Olympiad.  It was another victory for the Soviet team (Petrosian, Botvinnik, Smyslov, Keres, Stein, Spassky).

Just before the beginning of the 1966 Havana chess Olympiad, Tal was hit in the head with a bottle in a bar and was beaten up because he was flirting with some husband's wife. Tal was taken to the hospital and missed the first 5 rounds.  One woman, Berna Carrasco of Chile, played in this event that had 300 mend.  She was the only player not score a single half point.

In 1968, Dris Benabud of Morocco only played one game (which he lost) at the Lugano Olympiad and 2ndreserve board, the fewest games of any participant in a chess Olympiad.  The Virgin Islands (combined team of British and U.S. Virgin Islands) made their first appearance, despite not being a member of FIDE.  Bobby Fischer showed up in Lugano to play for the USA team, but withdrew because of the poor lighting in the tournament hall.  He asked to play his games in a private room, but the organizers refused, so Fischer withdrew.  The Soviet team (Petrosian, Spassky, Korchnoi, Geller, Polugaevsky, Smyslov) won without a single game loss.

 

In 1970 at Siegen, Andrew Sherman played for the Virgin Islands at the age of 11, the youngest player in the chess Olympiads.  In round two of the preliminaries, Viktor Korchnoi overslept and lost his game by default against Spain, his only loss.  The round started at 3 pm and he was unable to make it to his game by 4 pm.  During the event, Jonathan Penrose collapsed from nervous tension.  Oscar Panno drew 15 games, the most in an Olympiad.  For the first time, teams had to be rejected because the event reached its capacity of 60 teams to fit the playing schedule.  64 teams registered.  The teams from France, Ecuador, and Venezuela had to return home without playing any chess.  Panama pulled out, which allowed Argentina to play.

In 1972, Albania refused to play Israel due to political reasons, and was forfeited.

1972 was the first time that the men’s and women’s events were held simultaneously, held in Skopje.

In 1972, Grandmaster Nicolas Rossolimo played for France at the Skopje Olympiad.  He played on the French team in 1950.  He then played on the USA team in 1958, 1960, and 1966.  He then played for France again in this Olympiad.  International Master Vladimir Savon was the first non-Grandmaster to play for the Soviet team.  During the event, Tigran Petrosian lost a game on time to Robert Heubner, his first loss on time in his whole career.   This Olympiad was the first time that the men’s and women’s events were held simultaneously.

In 1974 at Nice, W. Reussner of the U.S. Virgin Islands lost 19 games in one Olympiad, a record.  He drew three games and did not win a game.  South Africa and Rhodesia were expelled from FIDE during the Olympiad.  South Africa dropped out but Rhodesia still played in the rest of the Olympiad, winning the Final E group.

In 1976, computers were first used to do the pairings at the Haifa Olympiad and the first Olympiad conducted as a Swiss System.  Libya protested and had an Olympiad of their own.  The USSR and other communist countries did not play and the USA team (R. Byrne, Kavalek, Evans, Tarjan, Lombardy, Commons) won the event.  It was the first time since 1937 that the USA team won the chess Olympiad.  This Olympiad was the only one not to have medals for board prizes.  The Israel team won the women’s event.  That team consisted of four Soviet émigrés.

In 1976 an unofficial chess Olympics was held in Tripoli, Libya in protest to the main chess Olympiad in Haifa.  There were 37 countries that played in this event, called the “Against Israel Olympics.”  Italy was the only country to send teams to both events.  The event was won by El Salvador, a nation which had never competed in a FIDE Olympiad.

At the 1978 chess Olympiad in Buenos Aires, a member of a Middle East team tried to buy one of the girls working at the site for $1 million.  The offer was not taken up.  Grandmaster Hans Ree broke his leg at the event after someone told him a joke and he laughed so hard he fell out of bed and broke a bone.  The Hungarians won the gold medal, ahead of the Soviets, who took  the silver medal.  This was the first time the Soviet team did not take the gold medal when participating in an Olympiad.  USA took the bronze medal.  This Olympiad almost didn’t happen.  Argentina almost went to war with Chile (a dispute over the Beagle Islands in Antactica) and the chief organizer of the event, Rodolfo Zanlungo, was kidnapped and was being held under the threat of death should the Olympiad be held.

In 1980 at Malta, John Jarecki played for the British Virgin Islands at the age of 11.  He played on Board 2.  Anatoly Karpov refused to shake hands with Lev Alburt because Alburt had defected to the USA in 1978.  The Soviet team (Karpov, Polugaevsky, Tal, Geller, Balashov, Kasparov) won the event (on tiebreak over Hungary).  Both the Soviet men’s and women’s team came from behind to take the gold in this Olympiad.

In 1982, the Ugandan team showed up in Lugano, site of the 1968 Olympiad.  They finally showed up at Lucerne after the first round.  The Italian Chess Federation refused to have its best player, Stefano Tatai, to play on the Italian Olympiad team.  Tatai was 44 and seven-time national champion.  But the Italian Chess Federation only wanted members who were age 30 or younger to represent Italy.  The result was a very poor showing at the Olympiad.  On the women’s side, Tatjana Lemachko defected from the Bulgarian team on the eve of the last round and moved to Switzerland.  The youngest player in the event was Najeeb Mohammed Saleh of UAE, age 12.  The oldest player was Ron Blow of Guernsey, age 74.  The $1.25 million budget for the event was raided by a lottery and private sponsors.

At the 1984 chess Olympiad in Thessaloniki, Greece, Ion Gudju (born in 1897) of Romania served on the appeals committee.  He was 87 years old and may be the oldest player to participate in the chess Olympics (but not as a player).   He played in the first unofficial chess Olympiad in 1924 in Paris.  In 1984, the famous Bermuda Party was held, which continued until 1998.  It was the biggest social event of the Olympiads.  John Nunn of England won three gold medals: best score on board 2, best performance rating, and winner of the problem-solving contest.  The USA team defeated the USSR team for the first time in Olympiad history.  The youngest player in the event was 12-year old Isabelle Kintzlere, who played 3rd board on the French women’s team.

 

In 1986, the chess Olympiad was held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.  It may have been the most expensive chess Olympiad ever.  The organizers offered $1 million for free airline tickets to teams who were reluctant to participate.  108 teams showed up, a record at the time (prior to this, Lucerne had 91 teams in 1982).  Israel was not allowed to participate, but the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was.  Sweden, Norway, Denmark, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Netherlands refused to play in protest to the Israeli ban.  10-year old Heidi Cueller represented Guatemala and may be the youngest player to participate in the chess Olympics.  The Guatemalan men’s team was represented by four brothers names Juarez.  The USA team defeated the USSR team, becoming the only team to defeat the Soviet team twice in a row in Olympiad competition.  Judit Polgar won a gold medal in the Women’s Olympiad at the age of 11.

In 1988 at Thessaloniki, the Seirawan-Xu game lasted 190 moves and was a draw (stalemate).  This is the longest game in the chess Olympiads.  During the Olympiad, Woman Grandmaster Elena Akhmilovskaya, playing on the Soviet women’s team (she had a score of 8.5 out of 9 on board 2), defected and eloped with International Master John Donaldson, who was captain of the USA men’s team.  The two were married at the U.S. Consulate in Greece.  The Hungarian women’s team (Susan, Judit, and Sofia Polgar with Ildiko Madl) displaced the Soviet team for the gold.  It was the first time that the Soviet women’s team did not win the women’s event.

The 1990 chess Olympiad at Novi Sad, Yugoslavia (now Serbia) was the last appearance of the Soviet Union and East Germany.  The Hong Kong men’s team was represented by four players from four different countries.  The Novi Sad Olympiad had 123 grandmasters, 177 international masters, and 85 FIDE masters.  Teams from Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania arrived in Novi Sad without an invitation and the organizers refused to let them participate.  The Soviet team (Ivanchuk, Gelfand, Beliavsky, Yusupov, Yudasin, Bareev) won the event.

The 30th Chess Olympiad was held in Manila in 1992. 12 of the 15 former Soviet republics had their own team for the first time. All finished in the top half (including Gold, Silver, and Bronze). An all-German team was present for the first time since 1939. Of the five Yugoslav republics, three had their own teams. This was the last appearance of Czechoslovakia and the re-appearance of South Africa.

In 1994, the chess Olympiad was held in Moscow only after the scheduled site in Thessalonki, Greece cancelled out 55 days before the start of the event.   During the event, Grandmasters Alexander Shabalov and Alex Yermolinsky (both representing the USA) were robbed when they went for a walk.  The captain of the Macedonia chess team was robbed of $7,000 inside a bank that was across the street from the playing center.  A team that represented the International Braille Chess Association participated. Russia A and Russia B won the gold and bronze medal. It was the first and only time that the same nation won more than one medal. Several chess players were robbed during the Olympiad. Ivanchuk played all 14 games without a loss. Hungary had a woman, Judit Polgar, as board 1, a first for the Olympiad.

In 1996 at Yerevan, all the men on the Israeli chess Olympiad team were all born in the Soviet Union.  Kirshan Ilumzhinov gave every member of the Olympiad a bottle of vodka, a jar of caviar, and a watch.  He was later elected FIDE president.  The Afghanistan team showed up after the 7th round and still played.

The 33rd Chess Olympiad was held in Elista, Kalmykia in 1998. The organizers had a web page for the Olympiad, but it was hacked with a message that said “hacked to Kasparov.” Russia fielded four teams.

The 34th Chess Olympiad was held in Istanbul in 2000. A record 129 countries participated. From 1956 to 2000, Lajos Portisch has played in 20 chess Olympiads, more than anyone else.

The 2002 Bled Olympiad was the first to test for drugs through a urine sample. All 802 players passed.  Grandmaster Jan Timman of Holland refused to play in protest to the plans of drug testing.  World Champion Garry Kasparov participated with the highest Elo rating in the Olympiads.  He was rated 2838 at the time and had a performance rating of 2933.  A chess ballet opened this Chess Olympiad.  The Australian men’s and women’s teams were sponsored by a pharmaceutical company called Ansell.  Part of the deal was to help the company promote their brand of condoms called “checkmate.”  Two members of the same family played on different teams.  International Master Levente Vajda played for Romania while his sister, Woman Grandmaster Szidonia Vajda, played for Hungary.  Robert Gwaze of Zimbabwe became the second person (after Alekhine in 1930) to score 100% out of 9 games.

The 36th Chess Olympiad was held in Calvia on the Spanish island of Majorca in 2004. Prior to the closing ceremony, FIDE vice-president Zurab Azmaiparashvili was roughed up and arrested as he attempted to ascend the stage to give out the Nona Gaprindashvili Trophy.

In 2004, Bill Hook played for the Virgin Islands at the age of 79.

In 2004, the USA team was made up of 6 ex-Soviet players: Onischuk, Shabalov, Goldin, Kaidanov, Novikov, and Gulko.

In 2004, a player from Papau New Guinea and a player from Bermuda refused to submit to a urine sample to test for drugs. Their teams were punished by points taken away. New Guinea went from 117th place to 126th place.

In 2006, Bill Hook played at the chess Olympad at Turin at the age of 81, making him the oldest chess player of any Olympiad.

In 2006, there were 1,307 players registered in the 37th Chess Olympiad in Turin, Italy. Armenia won its first gold medal at this Olympiad. They would win again in 2008 and 2012. The Russian team finished in 6th place, the worst Olympic result for a Soviet or Russian team since they first played in a Chess Olympiad in 1952.

In 2008, an old rule was instituted – no draws by agreement were permitted before 30 moves have been completed. However, some games ended as early as 16 moves due to draw by repetition. Any player not present at the board at the start of a round automatically forfeited the game.

In 2010, Yemen refused to play Israel due to political reasons.

In 2010, FM Jan Rooze of Belgium was playing. He last played in a Chess Olympiad in 1976.  The 34-year gap between two consecutive appearances is a record.

In 2010, the rule that no draws were permitted before 30 moves was abolished. In the first round, the Yemen team refused to play the team from Israel, so each of the four Israeli players was awarded a point. Three French players were caught cheating with a chess computer program. Germany, usually a strong chess country, finished in an all time low of 64th place. FIDE Master (FM) Jan Roozeof Belgium, age 63, played in the 1968 and 1976 Chess Olympiads. After a 34-year gap, he played in the 2010 Chess Olympiad, a record.

In 2012, GM Eugene Torre played in his 20th Chess Olympiad.  He ties with GM Lajos Portisch (who played from 1946 to 2000) for the most Olympiad appearances.  Torre played in 18 straight Chess Olympiads, breaking the old record of 18 held by Heikki Westerinen.

In 2012, of the 157 Board 1 players, only three players had no losses – Wesley So (he played 11 games), Le Quang Liem (he played 10 games), and Boris Gelfand (he played 8 games).

In 2012, the largest Chess Olympiad ever held, took place in Istanbul with 157 teams from 152 countries.

The USSR has won the Men’s Chess Olympad 18 times, followed by Russia with 6 wins, Hungary with 5 wins, USA with 5 wins, Amenia with 3 wins, Ukraine with 2 wins, Yugoslavia with 1 win, and Poland with 1 win.

The 41st World Chess Olympiad will be held in Tromso, Norway from August 1-15, 2014.  Five Bhutanese men will represent Bhutan for the first time in a Chess Olympiad.  With over 150 participating countries, the Chess Olympiad is the third largest sporting event.  Over 1,500 chess players are expected to participate in the Chess Olympiad at Tromso.

Here is the list of chess Olympiads:

 

#   YEAR  PLACE       Teams  WINNERS
    1924  Paris         18   Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Switzerland
    1926  Budapest      04   Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania
01  1927  London        16   Hungary, Denmark, England
02  1928  The Hague     17   Hungary, United States, Poland
03  1930  Hamburg       18   Poland, Hungary, Germany
04  1931  Prague        19   USA, Poland, Czechoslovakia
05  1933  Folkestone    15   USA, Czechoslovakia, Sweden
06  1935  Warsaw        20   USA, Sweden, Poland
    1936  Munich        21   Hungary, Poland, Germany
07  1937  Stockholm     19   US, Hungary, Poland
08  1939  Buenos Aires  26   Czechoslovakia, Poland, England
09  1950  Dubrovnik     16   Yugoslavia, Argentina, West Germany
10  1952  Helsinki      25   USSR, Argentina, Yugoslavia
11  1954  Amsterdam     26   USSR, Argentina, Yugoslavia
12  1956  Moscow        34   USSR, Yugoslavia, Hungary
13  1958  Munich        36   USSR, Yugoslavia, Argentina
14  1960  Leipzig       40   USSR, USA, Yugoslavia
15  1962  Varna         37   USSR, Yugoslavia, Argentina
16  1964  Tel Aviv      50   USSR, Yugoslavia, West Germany
17  1966  Havana        52   USSR, USA, Hungary
18  1968  Lugano        53   USSR, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria
19  1970  Siegen        60   USSR, Hungary, Yugoslavia
20  1972  Skopje        62   USSR, Hungary, Yugoslavia
21  1974  Nice          73   USSR, Yugoslavia, USA
22  1976  Haifa         48   USA, Netherlands, England
    1976  Tripoli       37   El Salvador
23  1978  Buenos Aires  66   Hungary, USSR, USA
24  1980  Malta         82   USSR, Hungary, Yugoslavia
25  1982  Lucerne       91   USSR, Czechoslovakia, USA
26  1984  Thessalonika  88   USSR, England, USA
27  1986  Dubai        108   USSR, England, USA
28  1988  Thessalonika 107   USSR, England, Netherlands
29  1990  Novi Sad     108   USSR, USA, England
30  1992  Manila       102   Russia, Uzbekistan, Armenia
31  1994  Moscow       124   Russia I, Bosnia, Russia II
32  1996  Yerevan      114   Russia, Ukraine, USA
33  1998  Elista       110   Russia, USA, Ukraine
34  2000  Istanbul     136   Russia, Germany, Ukraine
35  2002  Bled         135   Russia, Hungary, Armenia
36  2004  Calvia       129   Ukraine, Russia, Armenia

37  2006  Turin        148   Armenia, China, USA

38  2008  Dresden      146   Armenia, Israel, USA

39  2010 Khanty-Mansiysk 149 Ukraine, Russia, Israel

40  2012  Istanbul     157   Armenia, Russia, Ukraine

41  2014  Tromso