19th Century Chess by Bill Wall
In 1800, Pierre Saint-Amant (1800-1872) was born.
In 1802, Ercole Del Rio, the anonymous Modenese, died.
In 1802, James Humphreys published the first chess book in
In 1803, the Turk was being exhibited in
In 1803, George Walker, English chess writer and organizer, was born.
In 1804, a correspondence match between
In 1804, Kempelen, the inventor of The Turk, the first automaton, died.
In 1805, Jozsef Szen was born. He founded the Budapest Chess Club.
In 1806, Lionel Kieseritzky (1806-1853) was born.
In 1807, the London Chess Club was founded.
In 1809, the Zurich Chess Club was founded.
In 1810, Eugene Rousseau, Howard Staunton, and Johann Loewenthal were born.
In 1813, the first chess column to appear in a newspaper began in the Liverpool Mercury.
In 1813, Karl Jaenisch was born.
In 1815, Paul Bilguer was born.
In 1818, Adolf Anderssen (1818-1879) was born.
In 1819, Ernst Falkbeer was born.
In 1821, Ivan Butrimov published the first Russian manual on chess.
In 1821, Henry Buckle (1821-1862) was born.
In 1823, Johann Allgaier, a strong
In 1823, George Walker wrote the first chess column to appear in a periodical, the Lancet.
In 1823, Louis-Charles La Bourdonnais
defeated William Lewis in
In April 1824, a correspondence match between
In 1830, Henry Bird (1830-1908) was born.
In 1830, James Cochrane died.
In 1831, the famous Lewis chessmen were discovered on the isle of Lewis.
In 1831, Alexander MacDonnell defeated W. Fraser in a match
In 1833, Louis Paulsen (1833-1891) was born,
In 1834, Louis-Charles La Bourdonnais
defeated Alexander MacDonnell in a series of six matches, played in
In 1835, Nathaniel Cook designed what is now known as the
In 1835, Alexander MacDonnell died.
In 1836, La Bourdonnais and Mery published the first chess magazine, Le Palamede.
In 1836, Wilhelm Steinitz (1836-1900) was born.
In 1837, Ignatz Kolisch (1837-1889), George Mackenzie, and Paul Morphy (1837-1884) were born.
In 1837, George Walker founded
In 1839, the New York Chess Club was formed by James Thompson.
In 1839, Josef Szen founded the Budapest Chess Club.
In 1839, Howard Staunton started the Chess Player’s Chronicle chess magazine.
In 1840, La Bourdonnais died in
In 1840, Henry Buckle won one of the first chess tournaments
ever held, at the Cigar Divan in
In 1841, the Yorkshire Chess Association, the first chess association, was formed.
In 1841, Sam Loyd and Joseph Blackburne (1841-1924) were born.
In 1842, Johannes Zukertort was born (1842-1888)
In 1843, Eugene Rousseau defeated John Schulten
in a match in
In April 1843, Saint Amant defeated Howard Staunton in a chess match at the Café de la Regence in Paris (+3-2=1).
In December 1843, Howard Staunton defeated Pierre Saint Amant in a match in
In 1845, Cecil de Vere (1845-1875) was born.
In 1845, Charles Stanley wrote the first chess column in a
In December 1845, Charles Stanley defeated Eugene Rousseau
in a match for the
In 1847, Alexandre Deschapelles died in
In 1848, Amos Burn (1848-1925) was born.
In 1849, Henry Buckle won a chess tournament at Ries’ Divan in
In 1850, Mikhail Chigorin (1850-1908) was born.
From May 7 to
In 1853, Lionel Kieseritzky died.
In 1854, Grimshaw won the first problem-solving chess contest.
In 1854, Isidor Gunsberg was born.
In 1857, Yale founded the first American college chess club.
In 1857, Joszef Szen died.
In August 1857, Johann Loewenthal
won the first British Chess Association (BCA) Congress, held in
From October 6 to
In August 1858, Lowenthal won the
2nd BCA Congress, held in
In December 1858, Morphy defeated Anderssen in a match in
In 1859, the first Russian chess magazine, Shakhmatny Listok, was published.
In August 1859,
In 1860, Jackson Showalter (1860-1935) was born.
In August 1860, Ignatz Kolisch (1837-1889) won the 3rd BCA Congress,
In 1861, Louis Paulsen won the 4th BCA Congress,
In 1862, Siegbert Tarrasch (1862-1934) was born.
In 1862, Henry Buckle died.
In July 1862, Adolf Anderssen won the 1st British Chess Federation
Congress, held in
In 1865, the British Counties’ Chess Association (CCA) was founded.
In 1865, Jacques Mieses (1865-1954) was born.
In 1866, Cecil de Vere won the 1st
BCA Challenge Cup, held in
In August 1866, Steinitz defeated Anderssen (8-6) in a match in
In June 1867, Ignatz Kolisch won an international tournament in
In September 1867, Gustav Neumann won the
In 1868, David Janowski (1868-1927), Richard Teichman (1868-1925), and Emanuel Lasker (1868-1941) were born.
In 1869, Joseph Blackburne and de Vere tied for first place in the 2nd BCA
Challenge Cup, held in
In 1870, Eugene Rousseau died.
In 1870, Geza Maroczy was born.
In August 1870, Adolf Anderssen won an international tournament in
In October 1870, Amos Burn and John Wisker
tied in the 3rd BCA Congress, held in
In 1871, Steinitz won the City of
In December 1871, George Mackenzie won the 2nd
American Chess Congress, held in
In 1872, Harry Pillsbury was born.
In 1872, Pierre Saint-Amant died.
In 1872, the Canadian Chess Association was formed.
In August 1872, Steinitz won the 2nd
British Chess Federation (BCF) Congress, held in
In August 1872, Wisker won the 4th
BCA Challenge Cup in
In September 1872, Steinitz
defeated Zukertort in a match in
In 1872, the City of
In March 1873, the first
In May 1873, Ensor was the 1st
Canadian Championship in
In August 1873, Steinitz and Blackburne tied for 1st at the Vienna Intenational. Steinitz won the play-off. Adolf Anderssen took 3rd place.
In 1874, Carl Schlechter (1874-1918) was born.
In 1874, Howard Staunton died.
In July 1874, George Mackenzie won the 3rd
American Chess Congress in
In 1875, Cecil de Vere died.
In March 1876, Steinitz defeated Blackburne in a match in
In August 1876, James Mason won the 4th American
Chess Congress in
In August 1876, George Mackenzie won the Café International,
In October 1876, James Mason won the Clipper Tournament,
In 1877, Frank Marshall was born.
In January 1878, the first telephone chess match was played,
In February 1878, Cox won the 1st New York State Championship.
In August 1878, Zukertort and Winawer tied for 1st in an international
In 1879, Adolf Anderssen died.
In August 1879, Berthold Englisch won the 1st German Chess Federation
In 1880, the Liverpool Chess Club played the Calcutta Chess Club. It was the first intercontinental telegraph match.
In 1880, Chigorin organized the
fit chess club in
In January 1880, James Grundy and George Mackenzie tied for
1st in the 5th American Chess Congress, held in
In 1881, the British Chess Magazine was first published.
In September 1881, Blackburne won the 2nd German Chess Federation tournament, held in Belin. 2nd place went to Zukertort, followed by Chigorin and Winawer.
In 1882, Akiba Rubinstein (1882-1961) was born.
In June 1882, Steinitz and Winawer tied for 1st in the Vienna International.
In June 1883, Zukertort won the London International Tournament. 2nd went to Steinitz, followed by Blackburne.
In June 1883, Curt von Bardeleben
won the Vizayanagaram tournament in
In 1884, Paul Morphy died. He was 47.
In 1884, a new British Chess Association was inaugurated.
In 1885, Esling won the 1st Australian championship.
In July 1885, Isidor Gunsberg won the 1st British Chess Federation
In August 1885, Gunsberg won the 4th
German Chess Federation tournament in
In 1886, Aron Nimzovich (1886-1935) was born.
In March 1886, Steinitz defeated Zukertort in the first World Chess Championship
(+10-5=5). The match was held in
In August 1886, Blackburne and
Burn tied for 1st in the 2nd British Chess Federation
championship, held in
In 1887, Max Judd defeated Albert Hodges in
In December 1887, Burn and Gunsberg tied fir 1st inthe 3rd British Chess Federation Congress.
In 1888, Jose Capablanca (1888-1942) was born.
In 1888, Johannes Zukertort died.
In 1888, the U.S. Chess Association formed.
In September 1888, Jackson Showalter won the 1st
United States Chess Association tournament in
In 1889, Richard Reti (1889-1929) was born.
In February 1889, Steinitz
defeated Chigorin in the 2nd World Chess
Championship, held in
In May 1889, Chigorin and Weiss tied in the 6th American Chess Congress.
In September 1889, Siegbert Tarrasch won the 6th BCF Congress, held in
In February 1890, Showalter won the 3rd USA Chess
Association tournament in
In 1891, George Mackenzie and Louis Paulsen died.
In January 1891, Steinitz defeated
Gunsberg in the 3rd World Chess
Championship, held in
In August 1891, Showalter won the 4th USA Chess
Association tournament in
In 1892, Alexander Alekhine (1892-1946) was born.
In February 1892, Steinitz
defeated Chigorin in the 4th World Chess
Championship, held in
In 1892, Samuel Lipschuetz
defeated Showalter in a match in
In 1893, the first of a series of cable chess matches
In October 1893, Emanuel Lasker won the New York International. 2nd place went to Adolf Albin.
In November 1893, Chigorin and Tarrasch drew a match in
In May 1894, Emanuel Lasker
defeated Steinitz in the 5th World Chess
Championship, held in
In August 1894, Hodges defeated Showalter in
In September 1894, Tarrasch won
the 9th German Chess Federation tournament in
In September 1895, Harry Pillsbury won at the international tournament in Hasings. 2nd place went to Chigorin, followed by Lasker, Tarrasch, and Steinitz.
In January 1896, Lasker won at
In March 1896,
In August 1896, Lasker won at the Nuremberg International. 2nd place went to Maroczy, followed by Pillsbury and Tarrasch.
In October 1896, Chigorin and Charousek tied for 1st at
In January 1897, Lasker defeated Steinitz in the 6th World Chess Championship,
In April 1897, Harry Pillsbury defeated Jackson Showalter in
In April 1898, Pillsbury defeated Showalter in
In July 1898, Tarrasch and
Pillsbury tied for 1st in the Kaiser Jubilee in
In July 1899, Emanuel Lasker won the London International. He was followed by Janowski, Pillsbury, and Maroczy.
In October 1899, Chigorin won the 1st All-Russia championship.