Chess in 1838

by Bill Wall


In 1838, a regular chess club was organized in New Orleans.  It lasted only two years.


In 1838, a professorship of Chess was created at the Royal Military College in Copenhagen, filled by M. Osterberger.


In 1838, The Philidorian chess magazine by George Walker was discontinued after 6 issues.


In 1838, Howard Staunton joined the Old Westminster Chess Club.


In 1838, Chessboard Companion by William Lewis was published.  It ran through 9 editions.


On January 16, 1838, Franz Brentano was born in Marienburg, Germany.  He published analysis on openings.


In February 1838, two correspondence games were played between the New York City Chess Clubs and Washington DC Chess Clubs.  In New York, the games were played at Basford’s club room.  (source: NY Evening Post, Feb 21, 1838)


In February 1838, William Schlumberger died.  He was St Amant's chess teacher and one of The TURK’s operators.  He caught yellow fever while in Havana and later died of it.


On February 18, 1838, a correspondent, writing to Bell’s Life, referred to William Lewis as “our past grand master.”  It was the first time that the term grand master was used in chess.


On February 24, 1838, Bernhard Guretzky-Cornitz was born in Berlin.  He was an endgame analyst.


On March 6, 1838 Simon Winawer was born in Warsaw.  He was German champion in 1883.  He died in 1920.


On May 11, 1838, Levi Benima was born in Nieuweschans.  He was a Dutch chess master and won the Dutch championship in 1881 and 1883.


On May 21, 1838, Charles Maurian was born.  He was the closest and life-long friend of Paul Morphy.


On July 21, 1838,  John Maelzel was found dead in berth off Charleston.  He was buried at sea.  He died on the voyage from Cuba to the US.


On July 25, 1838, Per Gustaf Boren was born in Linkoping, Sweden.  He died in 1923, at the age of 85.  He was a Swedish chess amateur and chess analyst.


On September 14, 1838, Maelzel's property was sold at public auction in Philadelphia.  Ohl bought The Turk for $400.


On December 15, 1838, Gustav Neumann was born in Gleinitz.  He was a strong German master.  He died in 1881.



Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais - Jouy [C52]

Paris, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.0–0 Nf6 7.d4 Nxe4 8.dxe5 Nxc3 9.Nxc3 Bxc3 10.Qb3 Bxa1 11.Bxf7+ Kf8 12.Bg8 Rxg8 13.Ng5 Nxe5 14.f4 d5 15.fxe5+ Ke8 16.Qd3 Rf8 17.Rxf8+ Kxf8 18.Qxh7 Bd4+ 19.Kh1 Qe8 20.Qh8+ Ke7 21.Qxg7+ Kd8 22.Nf7+ Kd7 23.Nd8+ Qe7 24.e6+ Ke8 25.Qg6+ Kf8 26.Bh6+ Bg7 27.Qh7 Bxe6 28.Qh8+ Bg8 29.Bxg7+ Ke8 30.Qxg8+ Kd7 31.Qxd5+ Ke8 32.Ne6 1–0


George Walker - Hyacinthe Henri Boncourt [C52]

Paris, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.0–0 Nf6 7.Ng5 0–0 8.f4 Nxe4 9.Nxf7 Rxf7 10.fxe5 Nxe5 11.Bxf7+ Nxf7 12.Rxf7 Kxf7 13.Qh5+ Kf8 14.Qxa5 d6 15.Qh5 Qf6 16.Qe2 Bg4 17.Qf1 Qxf1+ 18.Kxf1 Ke7 19.d3 Rf8+ 20.Ke1 Nc5 21.Bg5+ Kd7 22.d4 Re8+ 23.Kf1 Ne4 24.Bh4 g5 25.Bg3 h5 26.c4 Nxg3+ 27.hxg3 Be2+ 28.Kf2 Bxc4 29.Nc3 g4 30.Rh1 Bf7 0–1


NN - Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand  [C37]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Ne5 Qh4+ 6.Kf1 Nh6 7.d4 f3 8.g3 Qh3+ 9.Kf2 Qg2+ 10.Ke3 f6 11.Nd3 Nf7 12.Nf4 Bh6 13.Kd3 Bxf4 14.Bxf4 c6 15.Nc3 0–0 16.Bd6 b5 17.Bxf7+ Rxf7 18.h3 b4 19.Bxb4 Ba6+ 20.Ke3 Qxg3 21.Qg1 Qc7 22.Qxg4+ Rg7 23.Qxf3 1–0


Paul Rudolf von Bilguer - Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand  [C24]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.d4 exd4 4.e5 d5 5.Bb3 Ne4 6.Nf3 Bb4+ 7.c3 dxc3 8.0–0 cxb2 9.Bxb2 Be6 10.Nd4 c5 11.Nxe6 fxe6 12.f3 Ng5 13.f4 Ne4 14.f5 c4 15.Ba4+ Nc6 16.fxe6 Bc5+ 17.Bd4 Qb6 18.Bxc5 Qxc5+ 19.Kh1 Nf2+ 20.Rxf2 Qxf2 21.Nc3 0–0 22.Nxd5 Rae8 23.e7 Rf5 24.Bc2 Rxe5 25.h3 Nxe7 26.Nxe7+ R8xe7 0–1


Paul Rudolf von Bilguer - Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand  [C53]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Qe7 5.d4 Bb6 6.Bg5 f6 7.Bh4 Nh6 8.0–0 d6 9.a4 a6 10.a5 Ba7 11.Kh1 Nf7 12.Nbd2 g5 13.Bg3 h5 14.h3 exd4 15.cxd4 Bxd4 16.Nxd4 Nxd4 17.f4 Be6 18.Qa4+ Nc6 19.Bd5 Bd7 20.Bxf7+ Qxf7 21.fxg5 Qg7 22.Qb3 Qxg5 23.Bf4 Qb5 24.Qc3 0–0–0 25.Nc4 Be6 26.Na3 Qb3 27.Bd2 Qxc3 28.Bxc3 Ne5 29.Rxf6 Kd7 30.Nc2 Ke7 31.Rf2 Rdf8 32.Raf1 Rxf2 33.Rxf2 Rf8 34.Kg1 Rxf2 35.Kxf2 Kf6 36.Ne1 Kg5 37.Kg3 h4+ 38.Kf2 Kf4 39.Bxe5+ dxe5 40.Nf3 Kxe4 41.Nxh4 Kd3 42.Ng6 e4 43.Nf4+ Kd2 44.g4 e3+ 45.Kg3 e2 46.Nxe2 Kxe2 47.Kf4 Kd3 48.h4 c5 49.h5 Kc2 50.g5 Kxb2 51.Ke5 Bg8 52.g6 c4 53.h6 c3 54.h7 Bxh7 55.gxh7 c2 56.h8Q c1Q ½–½


Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand  - Jozsef Szen [C37]


 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.0–0 gxf3 6.Qxf3 Qf6 7.e5 Qxe5 8.d3 Bh6 9.Nc3 Ne7 10.Bd2 0–0 11.Rae1 Qc5+ 12.Kh1 c6 13.Ne4 Qf5 14.Bc3 Bg7 15.Nd6 Qg5 16.Rxe7 Bxc3 17.Rxf7 Rxf7 18.Bxf7+ Kg7 19.bxc3 Na6 20.Qxf4 Qxf4 21.Rxf4 Nc7 22.Bb3 Nd5 23.Bxd5 cxd5 24.Rf7+ Kg8 25.Re7 b6 26.Re8+ Kg7 27.Rxc8 1–0


NN - Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand  [C41]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Bc4 f5 4.d4 fxe4 5.Ng5 d5 6.dxe5 dxc4 7.Qxd8+ Kxd8 8.Nf7+ Ke8 9.Nxh8 Nc6 10.Bf4 Be6 11.Nd2 Bd5 12.0–0–0 Nge7 13.f3 exf3 14.Nxf3 g6 15.c3 Bg7 16.Nxg6 hxg6 17.Rhe1 b5 18.Nh4 Kf7 19.Bg5 Rh8 20.e6+ Bxe6 21.Rf1+ Ke8 22.Rde1 Bf7 23.Bf6 Bxf6 24.Rxf6 Kf8 25.Nf3 Kg7 26.Rf4 Rd8 27.Ng5 Bg8 28.h4 Nf5 29.h5 Nfe7 30.hxg6 Kxg6 31.Nf3 Bd5 32.Ne5+ Kg5 33.g3 Rd6 34.Nxc6 Nxc6 35.Re8 Nd8 36.Re7 Ne6 37.Rf1 a5 38.Re8 Nc5 39.Re7 c6 40.Kb1 a4 41.g4 Kxg4 42.Rg7+ Kh5 43.Rf2 Be4+ 44.Kc1 Nd3+ 45.Kd2 Nxf2+ 46.Ke3 Rf6 47.Rg1 Bd5 48.Kd4 Ng4 0–1


Paul Rudolf von Bilguer - Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand [C44]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bb4+ 5.c3 dxc3 6.0–0 d6 7.a3 Ba5 8.b4 Bb6 9.Qb3 Qf6 10.Bg5 Qg6 11.Nxc3 Be6 12.Nd5 h6 13.Bd2 Bxd5 14.exd5 Nce7 15.a4 a6 16.a5 Ba7 17.b5 Nf6 18.b6 cxb6 19.axb6 Ne4 20.Rfe1 Nxd2 21.Nxd2 Bb8 22.Qe3 Qf6 23.Ne4 Qf5 24.Ng3 Qf6 25.Nf5 1–0


Ludwig Bledow - Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand  [B21]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 c5 2.f4 Nc6 3.Nf3 e6 4.c3 d5 5.e5 Nh6 6.Bd3 Qb6 7.Bc2 Bd7 8.0–0 Be7 9.Kh1 f5 10.d4 0–0 11.a4 a5 12.h3 Rac8 13.Na3 cxd4 14.cxd4 Nb4 15.Bb3 Kh8 16.Qe2 Nf7 17.Nb5 Bxb5 18.axb5 Qd8 19.Bd2 b6 20.Rac1 Qd7 21.Rc3 Rg8 22.h4 Nh6 23.Ng5 g6 24.h5 Ng4 25.hxg6 Rxg6 26.Rh3 h6 27.Nf3 Kh7 28.Nh2 Nxh2 29.Rxh2 Rg3 30.Bd1 Nc2 31.Qh5 Bf8 32.Bc3 Ne3 33.Rf3 Qxb5 34.Qf7+ Bg7 35.Rxh6+ Kxh6 36.Rxg3 Qf1+ 37.Kh2 Ng4+ 38.Bxg4 1–0


Ludwig Bledow - Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand [C44]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Qf6 5.0–0 d6 6.c3 d3 7.Qxd3 Qg6 8.b4 Be7 9.a4 Be6 10.Na3 0–0–0 11.b5 Ne5 12.Bxe6+ Qxe6 13.Nxe5 dxe5 14.Qe2 g5 15.Be3 Kb8 16.a5 c5 17.bxc6 Qxc6 18.a6 b6 19.Nc4 f6 20.Rfb1 Bc5 21.Bxc5 Qxc5 22.Na5 Qc7 23.Ra4 Ne7 24.Rc4 Qd7 25.Nb7 Rc8 26.Rd1 Qe6 27.Rxc8+ Rxc8 28.Qb2 Qc4 29.Qa3 Nc6 30.Qd6+ Rc7 31.Qf8+ Rc8 32.Qxc8+ Kxc8 33.Nd6+ 1–0


Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand  - Ludwig Bledow [C53]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Bb6 5.0–0 Nf6 6.d4 Qe7 7.Bg5 d6 8.Kh1 h6 9.Bxf6 Qxf6 10.d5 Ne7 11.Ne1 g5 12.Nd3 Ng6 13.Nd2 h5 14.Qf3 Qe7 15.Rae1 g4 16.Qe2 h4 17.f4 exf4 18.Nxf4 Ne5 19.Bb3 g3 20.h3 a5 21.Nc4 Bf2 22.Rd1 Nxc4 23.Bxc4 Bd7 24.Nd3 Ba7 25.e5 b5 26.Bb3 0–0–0 27.e6 fxe6 28.dxe6 Be8 29.a4 d5 30.Nf4 Rf8 31.Nxd5 Rxf1+ 32.Rxf1 Qc5 33.Nf6 1–0


Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand - Karl Schorn [C01]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 Qxd5 4.Nc3 Bb4 5.Nf3 Nf6 6.Bd3 Bxc3+ 7.bxc3 h6 8.Ba3 b6 9.0–0 Ba6 10.Bxa6 Nxa6 11.Qd3 b5 12.Ne5 Ne4 13.c4 bxc4 14.Nxc4 Rd8 15.Ne3 Qc6 16.Rab1 Nb8 17.c4 Nd6 18.d5 exd5 19.cxd5 Qd7 20.Bxd6 cxd6 21.Qe4+ Kf8 22.Rfc1 g6 23.Rb3 Kg7 24.Qd4+ f6 25.Rcb1 Qe7 26.Rb7 Nd7 27.Qxa7 Rhf8 28.Nc4 Rf7 29.Qa6 Qe2 30.Qc6 Re8 31.h3 Ne5 32.Rxf7+ Nxf7 33.Nxd6 Nxd6 34.Qxd6 Qxa2 35.Rb7+ Kg8 36.Qxf6 1–0


Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky - Carl Friedrich von Jaenisch [D20]

corr, 1838

 1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.e4 e5 4.d5 f5 5.Bxc4 Nf6 6.Nc3 Bc5 7.Qc2 Ng4 8.Nh3 f4 9.g3 g5 10.f3 Ne3 11.Bxe3 Bxe3 12.Nf2 a6 13.a4 Qf6 14.g4 Nd7 15.b4 Nf8 16.Rd1 h5 17.gxh5 Rxh5 18.Ng4 Bxg4 19.fxg4 Rh3 20.Bf1 Rh7 21.b5 Qh6 22.h4 Qd6 23.bxa6 bxa6 24.h5 Rb8 25.Rb1 Rxb1+ 26.Qxb1 Ng6 27.Rh2 Nh4 28.Qb8+ Kd7 29.Rb2 Qc5 30.Qb4 Nf3+ 31.Kd1 Qxb4 32.Rxb4 Nh2 33.Bxa6 f3 34.Rb1 f2 35.Kc2 Nxg4 36.Be2 Nf6 37.Rh1 g4 38.Nd1 Bd4 39.Kd3 Kd6 40.Ne3 Nxh5 41.Nf5+ Kd7 42.Ng3 Nf4+ 43.Kd2 Rxh1 44.Nxh1 Nxe2 45.Kxe2 c5 46.dxc6+ Kxc6 47.Nxf2 g3 48.Ng4 g2 49.Nxe5+ Bxe5 50.Kf2 ½–½


Carl Friedrich von Jaenisch - Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky [C33]

corr, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 c5 5.Nc3 Ne7 6.Nf3 Qh5 7.Nb5 d5 8.Nc7+ Kd8 9.Nxd5 Nxd5 10.Bxd5 Kc7 11.d4 g5 12.h4 Bg4 13.c3 Kc8 14.Kf2 Bxf3 15.gxf3 Nc6 16.Qa4 Nd8 17.Bd2 Bd6 18.Rag1 gxh4 19.Rg4 h3 20.e5 Bc7 21.Bxf4 a6 22.Kg3 1–0


City of Cambridge - Nottingham City [B21]


 1.e4 c5 2.f4 e6 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.c3 d5 5.exd5 exd5 6.Bb5 Bd6 7.d4 Qb6 8.Bxc6+ bxc6 9.0–0 Ne7 10.Kh1 a5 11.b3 0–0 12.Ba3 Re8 13.Ne5 Nf5 14.Re1 cxd4 15.Nc4 Rxe1+ 16.Qxe1 Qd8 17.Nxd6 Nxd6 18.Bxd6 Qxd6 19.Qe8+ Qf8 20.Qxf8+ Kxf8 21.cxd4 Bf5 22.Nc3 Re8 23.Kg1 Re3 24.Rc1 Rd3 25.Na4 Rxd4 26.Nc5 Rd2 27.a4 Bc8 28.h3 Rd4 29.Kh2 Ke7 30.Kg3 Rb4 31.Rc3 Kd6 32.Kf3 d4 33.Ne4+ Kc7 34.Rd3 Ba6 0–1


Ludwig Bledow - Paul Rudolf von Bilguer [C51]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Bd6 6.0–0 Qf6 7.d4 h6 8.Na3 Bxa3 9.Bxa3 d6 10.dxe5 dxe5 11.Qb3 Nge7 12.Bd5 Rb8 13.Rad1 Bg4 14.Bxe7 Nxe7 15.Bxf7+ Kf8 16.Rd3 g5 17.h3 Bxh3 18.Nxe5 Qxe5 19.Rxh3 g4 20.Bh5 Qf4 21.Bxg4 Qxg4 22.Rf3+ Ke8 23.Qf7+ Kd7 24.Rd1+ Kc8 25.Qf8+ Rxf8 26.Rxf8# 1–0


Ludwig Bledow - Paul Rudolf von Bilguer [C23]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 f5 3.d3 Nf6 4.Nf3 fxe4 5.dxe4 Nxe4 6.Qd5 Nd6 7.Nxe5 c6 8.Qf7+ Nxf7 9.Bxf7+ Ke7 10.Bg5+ Kd6 11.Bxd8 Kxe5 12.f4+ Kf5 13.Bg5 Bb4+ 14.c3 Rf8 15.Bb3 h6 16.Bc2+ Kg4 17.Bd1+ Kf5 18.g4+ Kg6 19.Bc2+ Kf7 20.Bh4 Be7 21.Bg3 d5 22.f5 Nd7 23.Nd2 Bf6 24.Nf3 Re8+ 25.Kf2 Nc5 26.Rhe1 Bd7 27.b4 Ne4+ 28.Rxe4 dxe4 29.Bb3+ Kf8 30.Bd6+ Be7 31.Ne5 g5 32.f6 e3+ 33.Kg1 1–0


Paul Rudolf von Bilguer - Karl Mayet [C35]

Berlin, 1838

 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Be7 4.Bc4 Bh4+ 5.g3 fxg3 6.0–0 gxh2+ 7.Kh1 d6 8.Bxf7+ Kxf7 9.Nxh4+ Nf6 10.d4 Bh3 11.Rf3 Bg4 12.Rxf6+ Qxf6 13.Qxg4 Qf1+ 14.Kxh2 Qxc1 15.Nc3 Qxa1 16.Qf5+ Ke8 17.Qc8+ Ke7 18.Qxc7+ Ke8 19.Qc8+ Kf7 20.Qxb7+ Ke8 21.Nf5 1–0