Chess in 1831

by Bill Wall


In 1831, the Lewis chessmen were discovered on the Isle of Lewis.  67 pieces were found.  It is the oldest complete set.


In 1831, A Series of Progressive Lessons on the Game of Chess, by William Lewis, was published in London.


In 1831, George Brunton Fraser was born in Scotland.  He was the Scottish champion in 1898.  He died in 1905, at the age of 74.


In 1831, the Westminster chess club at Huttman's (Bedford St, Covent Garden) was founded by George Walker.


In 1831, Sir Frederick Madden attributed chess to Charlemagne.


In 1831, Alexander McDonnell defeated William Frazer in London, scoring 3.5 out of 5.


On March 5, 1831, Mechanics’ Magazine published an article called A Scheme for Playing Chess, Suitable to Public Exhibitions. 


On November 11, 1831, Daniel Willard Fiske was born in Ellisburg, NY.  He was an American editor, writer, and bibliophile.  He died in 1904.


On December 27, 1831, Valentine Green was born in Knipton, England.  He was a strong British amateur chess player.


Fraser,W - McDonnell,Alexander [C54]

London, 1831

 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 d6 5.d3 Nf6 6.0–0 Bb6 7.Be3 Ne7 8.Bxb6 axb6 9.Ng5 0–0 10.f4 exf4 11.Rxf4 Ng6 12.Rf1 h6 13.Nf3 c6 14.Bb3 Nf4 15.Nh4 Bg4 16.Nf3 N6h5 17.Qd2 Ra5 18.Na3 Bxf3 19.Rxf3 Qg5 20.Qf2 d5 21.exd5 Re8 22.dxc6 Rae5 23.Rg3 Nxg3 24.hxg3 Ne2+ 0–1


Fraser,W - McDonnell,Alexander [C56]

London, 1831

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 d6 5.0–0 Nf6 6.d4 exd4 7.cxd4 Bb6 8.Nc3 Bg4 9.d5 Ne5 10.Be2 Bxf3 11.Bxf3 0–0 12.Bg5 h6 13.Bh4 g5 14.Bg3 Ng6 15.Be2 Qe7 16.Qc2 h5 17.h3 Rae8 18.Rae1 Qd7 19.Qc1 h4 20.Bh2 g4 21.hxg4 Nxg4 22.Qg5 Nxh2 23.Kxh2 Re5 24.Qh6 Bd4 25.f4 Ree8 26.f5 Bg7 27.Qg5 Re5 28.Qe3 Ne7 29.f6 Bh8 30.fxe7 Qxe7 31.Bg4 Rg5 32.Qf3 Be5+ 33.Kh1 Kh8 34.Re3 Rfg8 35.Bh3 f6 36.Ne2 Qh7 37.Rb3 b6 38.Nf4 Rg3 39.Qh5 Qxh5 40.Nxh5 Rxb3 41.axb3 Rg6 42.Rf3 Bxb2 43.Rf4 Rh6 44.Rxh4 Bc1 45.Nf4 Bxf4 46.Rxf4 a5 47.Kg1 Kg8 48.Be6+ Kf8 49.Rg4 Rh8 50.Rg6 Ke8 51.Rg7 Rh4 52.Bf5 b5 53.Rxc7 a4 54.bxa4 1–0


McDonnell,Alexander - Fraser,W [C53]

London, 1831

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Qe7 5.d4 exd4 6.0–0 d3 7.e5 h6 8.b4 Bb6 9.Re1 Nd8 10.a4 a5 11.Qxd3 Ne6 12.Ba3 Qd8 13.bxa5 Rxa5 14.Nbd2 Ne7 15.Nb3 Ra8 16.Nbd4 c5 17.Nb5 0–0 18.Nd6 Rxa4 19.Re4 Ra8 20.Bb3 c4 21.Qxc4 Bc5 22.Ba4 Qb6 23.Bxc5 Nxc5 24.Ree1 Rxa4 25.Rxa4 Nxa4 26.Qxa4 Qc6 27.Qa3 Ng6 28.Nd4 Qd5 29.N4f5 b6 30.c4 Qc6 31.Qa1 Bb7 32.Nxb7 Qxb7 33.e6 f6 34.e7 Nxe7 35.Nxe7+ Kh7 36.Qb1+ f5 37.Nxf5  1–0


McDonnell,Alexander - Fraser,W [C00]

London, 1831

1.e4 e6 2.f4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.Nf3 Nc6 5.c3 Be7 6.Bd3 Nh6 7.Bc2 Bd7 8.0–0 f5 9.a3 c4 10.h3 Nf7 11.Qe1 g6 12.Kh1 h6 13.d4 Qb6 14.Nbd2 Na5 15.Rb1 Nb3 16.Bxb3 cxb3 17.c4 dxc4 18.Nxc4 Qc7 19.Ne3 Bb5 20.Rg1 Bd3 21.Ra1 Be4 22.Bd2 g5 23.Rc1 Qd7 24.d5 Bxd5 25.Nxd5 Qxd5 26.Bb4 Bxb4 27.Qxb4 a5 28.Qb6 0–0 29.Rgd1 Ra6 30.Qc7 Rc6 31.Rxd5 Rxc7 32.Rxc7 exd5 33.e6 Nd6 34.Rd7 Ne4 35.Rxd5 gxf4 36.Kh2 Ng3 37.Nd4 a4 38.Nb5 Re8 39.Nc7 Re7 40.Rd8+ Kg7 41.Rd7 Kf8 42.Rd8+ Kg7 43.Rd7 Kf8 44.Rxe7 Kxe7 45.Nd5+ Kxe6 46.Nxf4+ Ke5 47.Kxg3 Ke4 48.Ne2 Kd3 49.Nc3 Kc2 50.Nxa4 b5 51.Nc3 Kxb2 52.Nxb5 Ka2 53.Nc3+ Kxa3 54.Nd1 Ka2 55.Kf3 Kb1 56.Ke2 Kc2 57.g3 h5 58.h4 Kc1 59.Nc3 Kc2 60.Na4 Kc1 61.Kd3 Kd1 62.Nb2+ Ke1 63.Ke3 Kf1 64.Nd3 Kg2 65.Kf4 Kh2 66.Kf3 Kh3 67.Kf4 Kg2 68.Kxf5 Kxg3 69.Kg5 Kf3 70.Kxh5 Ke3 71.Nb2 Kd4 72.Kg5 Kc3 73.Nd1+ Kd2 74.Nb2 Kc3  ½–½


McDonnell,Alexander - Fraser,W [C00]

London, 1831

1.e4 e6 2.f4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.Nf3 Nc6 5.c3 Be7 6.Bd3 f5 7.Bc2 Nh6 8.0–0 c4 9.Kh1 Qb6 10.h3 Nf7 11.b3 Qc7 12.bxc4 dxc4 13.Na3 Bxa3 14.Bxa3 b5 15.Qe1 Ne7 16.Nd4 a6 17.Qg3 0–0 18.Bd1 Re8 19.Bf3 Nd5 20.Nxf5 exf5 21.Bxd5 Bb7 22.Bd6 Qb6 23.Bxf7+ Kxf7 24.Rae1 Re6 25.Qg5 Rg6 26.Qxf5+ Kg8 27.Re2 Re8 28.Qd7 Rd8 29.Qc7 Qxc7 30.Bxc7 Rd3 31.Kh2 Bd5 32.f5 Rc6 33.Bd6 a5 34.a3 Ra6 35.f6 g6 36.e6 Bxe6 37.Rxe6  1–0


City of Goteborg – Stockholm Chess Club

Correspondence 1831

1. e4 e5 2. Bc4 Bc5 3. Nf3 d6 4. c3 Qe7 5. O-O Bg4 6. d3 Nd7 7. b4 Bb6 8. Be3 Ngf6 9. Nbd2 c6 10. Qc2 Bc7 11. Rae1 O-O 12. d4 d5 13. dxe5 dxc4 14. exf6 Qxf6 15. Bd4 Qg6 16. g3 Qh5 17. Nh4 Be2 18. Rxe2 Qxe2 19. Nhf3 f5 20. Re1 Qd3 21. Qd1 f4 22. Re2 fxg3 23. Re3 Rxf3 24. Rxf3 gxf2+ 25. Rxf2 Be5 26. Qg4 Bxd4 27. cxd4 Qxd4 28. Qe6+ Kh8 29. Nf3 Qd1+ 30. Kg2 Nf8 31. Qxc4 Qd6 32. a3 Qg6+ 33. Kh1 Rd8 34. Rf1 Qh5 35. Nd4 Ng6 36. Qe6 Qh4 37. Ne2 Qg5 38. Ng3 h6 39. Qf7 Rd2 40. Qf3 Nh4 41. Qb3 Rd8 42. Qf7 Qg4 43. Qf2 Rd3 44. Qxa7 Kh7 45. Qg1 Rxa3 46. Rf7 Rb3 47. Qe1 Qh3 48. Qf2 Rb1+ 49. Nf1 Rxb4 50. Qg3 Qxg3 51. hxg3 Kg8 52. Re7 Nf3 53. Kg2 Ng5 0-1