Chess in 1824
by Bill Wall

In 1824, Sebastian Herzfeld was born in Austria. He was a physician and chess player. The Herzfeld defense (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Ne5 Qh4+ 6.Kf1 Nc6) is named after him. He died in 1906 at the age of 83.

In 1824, the New York Chess Club met at 31 Park Street in Manhattan. The president was J.T. Watson.

In 1824, a Paris chess club called Le Cercle de Philidor was formed.

On February 21, 1824, Prince Eugene de Beauharnais died. He bought the Turk for a brief time.

In 1824, Captain William Davies Evans (1790-1872) discovered the Evans Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4).

In 1824, Miron James Hazeltine was born. He was a newspaper chess columnist for over 50 years, writing for the New York Clipper.

In 1824, Johann Horny wrote Anweisung das Schachspiel.

In 1824, B. Bendix wrote Recueil de parties d'echecs.

On April 23, 1824, the first serious correspondence match was played, between London & Edinburgh. Edinburgh won in July 1826.

On October 5, 1824, Henry Chadwick was born in Exeter, England. He was often called the "father of baseball" and was a chess enthusiast. In 1895, he wrote The Game of Chess.

On October 22, 1824, Henry Hookham was born in London. He was New Zealand champion in 1890.

(1) City of Edinburgh - London Chess Club [C23], Correspondence match London/Edinburgh (1), 1824
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.c3 Qe7 4.Nf3 d6 5.d3 Nf6 6.Qe2 0—0 7.Bg5 h6 8.Bh4 Be6 9.Bb3 Bxb3 10.axb3 Nc6 11.Nbd2 Qe6 12.b4 Bb6 13.Bxf6 Qxf6 14.Nc4 Qe6 15.Nh4 Ne7 16.g4 Ng6 17.Nxg6 fxg6 18.0—0 Rf4 19.h3 Raf8 20.Nxb6 axb6 21.f3 Qf6 22.Kg2 c6 23.Rf2 b5 24.Qe3 h5 25.Kg3 Qg5 26.Re1 Kh7 27.Qe2 Rh8 28.Qe3 Kg8 29.Rh2 hxg4 30.hxg4 Rxf3+ 31.Kxf3 Qxe3+ 32.Kxe3 Rxh2 33.Ra1 Rh3+ 34.Ke2 Rh2+ 35.Ke3 Rh3+ 1/2-1/2

(2) London Chess Club - City of Edinburgh [C44], Correspondence match London/Edinburgh (2), 1824
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bc5 5.c3 Qe7 6.0—0 dxc3 7.Nxc3 d6 8.Nd5 Qd7 9.b4 Nxb4 10.Nxb4 Bxb4 11.Ng5 Nh6 12.Bb2 Kf8 13.Qb3 Qe7 14.Nxf7 Nxf7 15.Qxb4 Ne5 16.f4 Nxc4 17.Qxc4 Qf7 18.Qc3 Be6 19.f5 Bc4 20.Rf4 b5 21.e5 dxe5 22.Qxe5 h6 23.Re1 Rh7 24.f6 g5 25.Rf5 a5 26.Qc5+ Kg8 27.Rxg5+ hxg5 28.Qxg5+ Kf8 29.Bd4 Be6 30.Qc5+ Kg8 31.Qg5+ Kf8 32.Bc5+ Ke8 33.Qd5 Ra6 34.Qb7 Qh5 35.f7+ Kxf7 36.Rf1+ Kg6 37.Qe4+ Bf5 38.Qe8+ Rf7 39.Qg8+ Kf6 40.g4 Ra8 41.Qxa8 Qxg4+ 42.Kh1 Rd7 43.Ba3 Kf7 44.Qc6 Rd1 45.Qxb5 Qe4+ 46.Kg1 Kg6 47.Qb2 Qg4+ 48.Qg2 Qxg2+ 49.Kxg2 Bh3+ 50.Kxh3 Rxf1 51.Be7 a4 52.a3 Rf5 0—1

(3) City of Edinburgh - London Chess Club [C44], Correspondence match London/Edinburgh (3), 1824
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bb4+ 5.c3 dxc3 6.0—0 d6 7.a3 Bc5 8.b4 Bb6 9.Qb3 Qf6 10.Nxc3 Be6 11.Nd5 Bxd5 12.Bxd5 Nge7 13.Bg5 Qg6 14.Bxe7 Kxe7 15.a4 a5 16.b5 Rab8 17.Nh4 Qf6 18.Nf5+ Kf8 19.Rac1 Ne5 20.Kh1 h5 21.g3 g6 22.Nh4 Ng4 23.h3 g5 24.Nf3 c6 25.Bc4 Rh7 26.Kg2 Kg7 27.Be2 Ne5 28.Nxg5 Qxg5 29.f4 Qg6 30.fxe5 Qxe4+ 31.Bf3 Qe3 32.Qb1 Kh8 33.Rce1 Qg5 34.h4 Qg7 35.Be4 Rh6 36.Rf5 dxe5 37.Rg5 Qf8 38.Qc1 Bd8 39.Rxe5 Bf6 40.Rf5 Re8 41.bxc6 bxc6 42.Rxa5 Kg7 43.Rc5 Re6 44.Qc4 Qe7 45.Re3 Qa7 46.Re2 Rd6 47.a5 Rd1 48.Bf3 Bd4 49.Rg5+ Rg6 50.Qxc6 Bf6 51.Rxg6+ fxg6 52.Qb6 Qf7 53.Rc2 Rd7 54.Bc6 Qe6 55.Kh2 Rd4 56.Qa7+ Kh6 57.Bf3 Qe3 58.Qf7 Rd2+ 59.Rxd2 Qxd2+ 60.Kh3 Qf2 61.Bg2 Bd4 62.Qf4+ Kg7 63.Be4 Ba7 64.Bd3 Bd4 65.Bc4 Kh7 66.a6 Kg7 67.Qe4 Qf6 68.Qf4 Bb6 69.Kg2 Bd4 70.Bd3 Ba7 71.Kh2 Qb2+ 72.Kh3 Qf6 73.Qe4 Bd4 74.Qd5 Ba7 75.Bc4 Bd4 76.Qg8+ Kh6 77.Bd3 Ba7 78.Be4 Bd4 79.Qc8 Kg7 80.Qd7+ Kh6 81.Bg2 Qf2 82.Qb5 Kg7 83.Be4 Qf6 84.Qd3 Qe6+ 85.Kh2 Qa2+ 86.Bg2 Qf2 87.Kh3 Qf6 88.Bf3 Qe6+ 89.Kh2 Qe3 90.Qd1 Qf2+ 91.Bg2 Be5 92.Qd3 Qd4 93.Qe4 Qxe4 94.Bxe4 Bb8 95.Kg2 Kf6 96.Kf3 Ba7 97.Bc6 Bb6 98.Be8 Ba7 99.Ke4 Bb6 1/2-1/2

(4) City of Edinburgh - London Chess Club [C23], Correspondence match London/Edinburgh (4), 1824
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.c3 Qe7 4.d3 d6 5.Nf3 Bb6 6.0—0 Bg4 7.Be3 Nd7 8.Nbd2 Ngf6 9.h3 Bh5 10.Qc2 Bxf3 11.Nxf3 Nh5 12.a4 a5 13.Ba2 h6 14.Bxb6 Nxb6 15.Kh2 g5 16.g3 Nd7 17.Ng1 Qf6 18.d4 Qg6 19.Nf3 Nhf6 20.Nd2 h5 21.Kg2 b6 22.Qd3 0—0 23.Kh2 Kh8 24.Rae1 d5 25.Bb1 Rae8 26.Qb5 c6 27.Qb3 dxe4 28.dxe5 Nxe5 29.f4 gxf4 30.Rxf4 Rd8 31.Nf1 Rd3 32.Qxb6 Nf3+ 33.Rxf3 Rxf3 34.Qd4 Kh7 35.Kg2 Re8 36.Qg1 h4 37.g4 Nd5 38.Qd4 Nf4+ 39.Kh1 Nxh3 40.Nh2 Nf2+ 41.Kg1 h3 42.Kf1 Nd3+ 43.Ke2 c5 44.Qg1 Rf2+ 45.Qxf2 Nxf2 46.Kxf2 Qd6 47.Nf3 Qf4 48.Rxe4 Rxe4 49.Bxe4+ Kg7 50.Bc6 h2 51.Kg2 Qh6 52.Nxh2 Qxc6+ 53.Nf3 Qxa4 54.Kg3 Qb3 55.Nd4 cxd4 0—1

(5) City of Edinburgh - London Chess Club [C44], Correspondence match London/Edinburgh (5), 1824
1.e4 (The last and decisive of the correspondence matches between the two cities that saw a surprising win for the Scots, a match which also included the invention of the Scotch Gambit) 1...e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 Nxd4 4.Nxd4 exd4 5.Qxd4 Ne7 6.Bc4 Nc6 7.Qd5 Qf6 8.Nc3 Bb4 9.Bd2 d6 10.Bb5 Bd7 11.Qc4 Bc5 12.0—0 0—0 13.Qd3 Ne5 14.Qg3 Bxb5 15.Nxb5 c6 16.Nc3 Nc4 17.Bg5 Qg6 18.b3 f6 19.Bc1 Qxg3 20.hxg3 Bd4 21.bxc4 Bxc3 22.Rb1 b6 23.Rd1 Rae8 24.Rb3 Ba5 25.f3 f5 26.exf5 Re2 27.g4 Rxc2 28.Bf4 Rxc4 29.Bxd6 Re8 30.Ra3 h6 31.Bc7 Re7 32.Rd8+ Kh7 33.Rc8 Rc1+ 34.Kh2 Ree1 35.Kh3 Rh1+ 36.Bh2 Bc3 37.f4 Bd2 38.g3 Ba5 39.Re3 Rc2 40.g5 Rhxh2+ 41.Kg4 h5+ 42.Kf3 Rhf2+ 43.Ke4 g6 44.Rc7+ Kg8 45.Ke5 Rc5+ 46.Kf6 Rxf5+ 47.Kxg6 Rf8 48.Rg7+ Kh8 49.Kh6 Bb4 50.Re6 Rf5 51.Rh7+ Kg8 52.Rg6+ Kf8 53.Rxc6 Rc5 54.Rf6+ Ke8 55.g6 Rc3 56.g4 Bf8+ 57.Rxf8+ Kxf8 58.g7+ Kf7 59.Rh8 Rc6+ 60.Kh7 1—0

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