Chess in 1803
by Bill Wall

Johan Jakob Wilhelm Heinse
In 1803, the Berlin chess club was founded. Military personnel were prohibited from being members of the chess club.

In 1803, Wolfgang von Kempelen (1734-1804) sold the Turk automaton to Mr. Anthon. Anthon exhibited the Turk in London for five shillings.

In 1803, Anastasia's mate, with Knight & Rook, was published by Wilhelm Heinse (1746-1803). This checkmate got its name from the novel Anastasia und das Schachspiel by Johan Jakob Wilhelm Heinse.

In 1803, Thomas Jefferson Bryan was born in Philadelphia. He was an art collector. The Bryan Countergambit, 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 5.Kf1 b5, is named after him. He died aboard a ship in the Atlantic Ocean on May 15, 1870 at the age of 66.

In 1803, Caroline Watson (1760-1814) sketched "The Winter's Day Delineated No. 11." It shows the interior of a gaming room with men and women around a card table, while a couple plays chess at another table in the foreground.

In 1803, Peter Pratt wrote Studies of Chess, published in London.

On March 13, 1803, George Walker was born. He was an English chess player, writer and organizer. He wrote a chess column in Bell's Life and helped organize the first international chess tournament, held in London in 1851.

On June 22, 1803, Wilhelm Heinse died in Aschaffenburg, Germany. He was a German author and wrote about Anastasia's mate.

On October 16, 1803, Karl (Carl) Schorn was born. He was a German painter and member of the Berlin Pleiades (Bledow, Bilguer, Von der Lasa, Hanstein, Horrwitz, Mayet, and Schorn). He died on October 7, 1850 at the age of 46.

H. Hesse—NN, Bethlehem, 1803
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Be7 6.d5 Nd6 7.Ba4 e4 8.Nfd2 Nb8 9.f3 exf3 10.Nxf3 O-O 11.Qd3 Ne8 12.c4 Nf6 13.Bc2 d6 14.Ng5 g6 15.Nc3 Bf5 16.Rxf5 gxf5 17.Qh3 Kg7 18.Bxf5 Rh8 19.Qh6+ 1-0

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