Chess in 1768
by Bill Wall, 2021

Books by Bill Wall
In 1768, Father John O'Brien, the Catholic Bishop of Cloyne, wrote a dictionary published in Paris. It first described chess played in Ireland, calling the game brannumb. It described chess as a favorite game with the old Irish. The chess board was called fitchill. [source: Nugent, The Irish Invented Chess!, 2011, p. 18, 35]

In 1768, the Japanese government allowed the best shogi (chess) player in Japan to build a house called Shogi-tokoro (chess place). The house was used to teach shogi, and the player received an official salary for his services.[source: Murray, A History of Chess, 1913, p. 139]

In 1768, Philidor composed the comic opera, Le jardinier des Sidon (the Gardener of Sidon). It was first performed in Paris on July 18, 1768.

In August 1768, James Cook (1728-1779) departed Plymouth, England aboard H.M.S. Endeavour on his first voyage of discovery. He took with him a barleycorn ivory chess set. The set is currently on display at the Captain Cook Birthplace Museum, Stewart Park, Marton, Middlesbrough.

On November 28, 1768, Jean-Jacques Rousseau testified that not even illness could keep him away from chess. [source: Vauleon, Reading Jean-Jacques Rousseau through the Prism of Chess, 2019, p. 41]

In December 1768, the first weekly numbers of the Encyclopedia Britannica, edited by William Smellie, was published in Edinburgh. It contained an article on chess.

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